Let’s use the newer technologies to achieve production efficiency: we will be able to cope with the demands of the future in spite of climate change
21 June 2016
What are the main challenges we have to face to feed the planet?
Global population is rising: currently it is 7.3 billion and by 2050 it is expected to be around 9 billion people. At the same time we are facing climate change, water decline and other issues such as the one reguarding soil fertility. These are very strong elements which affect the food production of the world. The best way to take care of this all would be a population decrease, but we all know that this is not going to happen.
So we have to enhance agriculture productivity and, at the same time, profitability of that production. In order to do that, we have first of all to seek the newer technologies in all branches of agricultural science: not only in genetics and biotechnology, but also in industrial chemistry, in the insect control, in desease control, in microbial flora manipulation. That’s how we can enhance the capacity of agriculture to beat climate change.
How can technologies help us to meet these challenges?
In agricultural terms climate change basically means flooding, drought, high temperatures, freezing and much more. With the newer technologies which are emerging we can contain the effects of these calamities both in organic and in modern agriculture. An efficiency oriented technology application is going to be very important, but we also have to be aware that there are many other aspects to consider. We have to look at the part of the economics, we have to look at the soil fertility, we have to look at the water use efficiency, we have to look at the nutrients, but if we achieve production efficiency we can cope with the demands of the future in spite of climate change.